Palahniuk insists there is no such real organization. He has heard of real fight clubs, some said to have existed before the novel. Project Mayhem is lightly based on The Cacophony Society , of which Palahniuk is a member, and other events derived from stories told to him. Fight Club ' s cultural impact is evidenced by the establishment of fight clubs by teenagers and "techies" in the United States. Other fans have been inspired to undertake prosocial activity, and told Palahniuk that the novel had encouraged them to return to college.
In addition to the feature film, a stage adaptation by Dylan Yates has been performed in Seattle and in Charlotte, North Carolina. A modern-day everyman figure as well as an employee specializing in recalls for an unnamed car company, the Narrator—who remains unnamed throughout the novel—is extremely depressed and suffers from insomnia. Some readers call him "Joe", because of his constant use of the name in such statements as, "I am Joe's boiling point". The quotes, "I am Joe's [blank]", refer to the Narrator's reading old Reader's Digest articles in which human organs write about themselves in the first person, with titles such as "I Am Joe's Liver".
The film adaptation replaces "Joe" with "Jack", inspiring some fans to call the Narrator "Jack". In the novel and film, the Narrator uses various aliases in the support groups. His subconscious is in need of a sense of freedom, he inevitably feels trapped within his own body, and when introduced to Tyler Durden, he begins to see all of the qualities he lacks in himself: "I love everything about Tyler Durden, his courage, his smarts, and his nerve.
Tyler is funny and forceful and independent, and men look up to him and expect him to change their world. Tyler is capable and free, and I am not. He also steals left-over drained human fat from liposuction clinics to supplement his income through soap making and to create the ingredients for bomb manufacturing, which will be put to work later with his fight club. He is the co-founder of Fight Club, as it was his idea to instigate the fight that led to it. He later launches Project Mayhem, from which he and the members commit various attacks on consumerism.
Tyler is blond, according to the Narrator's comment "in his everything-blond way". The unhinged but magnetic Tyler becomes the " villain " of the novel later in the story. The Narrator refers to Tyler as a free spirit who says, "Let that which does not matter truly slide. A woman whom the Narrator meets during a support group.
The Narrator no longer receives the same release from the groups when he realizes Marla is faking her problems just as he is. After he leaves the groups, he meets her again when she becomes Tyler's lover. Marla is shown to be extremely unkempt, uncaring, and sometimes even suicidal. At times, she shows a softer, more caring side. The Narrator meets Bob at a support group for testicular cancer. A former bodybuilder , Bob lost his testicles to cancer caused by the steroids he used to bulk up his muscles.
He had to undergo testosterone injections, resulting in increased estrogen. The increased estrogen levels caused him to grow large breasts and to develop a softer voice. Because of his "bitch tits", Bob is the only known member who is allowed to wear a shirt. The Narrator befriends Bob and, after leaving the groups, meets him again in fight club. Bob's death later in the story, while carrying out an assignment for Project Mayhem, causes the Narrator to turn against Tyler because the members of Project Mayhem treat it as a trivial matter instead of a tragedy.
A man who joins Fight Club. He is very loyal to Project Mayhem, laughing at the vandalism he and a group of "space monkeys" have caused as their crimes appear on the evening news. Angel Face is considered very beautiful, hence his name. The blond-haired beauty suffers a savage beating at the Narrator's hands during a Fight Club session; the Narrator states that he "wanted to destroy something beautiful. Whereas in the book it is that excessive beating which triggers the foundation of Project Mayhem Fight Club no longer being a sufficient outlet , in the movie the beating seems to be caused primarily by the Narrator's jealousy.
At two points in the novel, the Narrator claims he wants to "wipe [his] ass with the Mona Lisa "; a mechanic who joins fight club repeats this to him in one scene. Additionally, he mentions at one point that "Nothing is static. Even the Mona Lisa is falling apart. The mechanic says, "If you're male and you're Christian and living in America, your father is your model for God.
And if you never know your father, if your father bails out or dies or is never at home, what do you believe about God? How Tyler saw it was that getting God's attention for being bad was better than getting no attention at all. Maybe because God's hate is better than His indifference. If you could be either God's worst enemy or nothing, which would you choose? We are God's middle children, according to Tyler Durden, with no special place in history and no special attention. Unless we get God's attention, we have no hope of damnation or redemption.
Which is worse, hell or nothing? Only if we're caught and punished can we be saved. This way at least, God would know our names.
Fight Club Essays
Kennett further argues that Tyler wants to use this chaos to change history so that "God's middle children" will have some historical significance, whether or not this significance results in "damnation or redemption". After seeing Reader's Digest articles written from the perspective of the organs of a man named Joe, the Narrator begins using similar quotations to describe his feelings.
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He often replaces organs with feelings and things involved in his life such as "I am Joe's smirking revenge". Cornflower blue is a color associated with the Narrator's boss; it is revealed that he chose that particular shade of blue to highlight an icon. All of Palahniuk's subsequent novels have featured references to cornflower blue. Isolationism , specifically directed towards material items and possessions, is a common theme throughout the novel. Tyler acts as the major catalyst behind the destruction of our vanities, which he claims is the path to finding our inner selves.
Jesse Kavadlo, a professor at Maryville University of St. Louis, argues that the Narrator's opposition to emasculation is a form of projection, and the problem that he fights is himself. Paul Kennett argues that because the Narrator's fights with Tyler are fights with himself, and because he fights himself in front of his boss at the hotel, the Narrator is using the fights as a way of asserting himself as his own boss. These fights are a representation of the struggle of the proletarian at the hands of a higher capitalist power; by asserting himself as capable of having the same power he thus becomes his own master.
Later when fight club is formed, the participants are all dressed and groomed similarly, allowing them to symbolically fight themselves at the club and gain the same power. Tyler becomes nostalgic for patriarchal power giving him control and creates Project Mayhem to achieve this. Through this proto-fascist power structure, the Narrator seeks to learn "what, or rather, who, he might have been under a firm patriarchy. According to Kennett, this creates a paradox in that Tyler pushes the idea that men who wish to be free from a controlling father-figure are only self-actualized once they have children and become a father themselves, thus becoming controllers themselves in an endless cycle of patriarchal repression.
Johannes Hell argues that Palahniuk's use of the Narrator's somnambulism is a simple attempt at emphasizing the dangerous yet daring possibilities of life. Hell enforces the importance of the Narrator's sleepwalking and intense deprivation, for they have a firm influence on suffering readers,"  from a twisted perspective this is solace for everybody who suffers from somnambulism in a sense, that things could be worse, much worse in fact.
Project Mayhem's terrorism in Fight Club has been analyzed within the context of the terrorist attacks of September 11th, In , Ruth Quiney examined this link, stating that Fight Club' s depiction of disaffected Western men joining a homegrown terrorist group anticipated some aspects of the War on Terror. He writes, "Palahniuk's work demonstrates the disturbing intersections between the multiple meanings of the word "plot": narrative, conspiratorial, and funereal, the word reminding us of the linguistic connections between our stories, our secrets, and our entombment.
At the time of its publication, Fight Club was well-received critically. The Baltimore Sun commended its very publication, stating, "bravo to Norton for having the courage to publish it. The "forecasts" section of a Publishers Weekly praised the novel:. Writing in an iconic deadpan and including something to offend everyone, Palahniuk is a risky writer who takes chances galore, especially with a particularly bizarre plot twist he throws in late in the book.
Fight Club Analysis - Philosophical Movies
Caustic, outrageous, bleakly funny, violent, and always unsettling, Palahniuk's utterly original creation will make even the most jaded reader sit up and take notice. Some critics have condemned Fight Club because of its violent, heteronormative themes and cult philosophy. Peter Matthews, however, argues that these critics often overlook the novel's ironic critique of its characters' violent worldview. The book received critical interest and eventually generated cinematic-adaptation interest.
The film "failed" at the box office,  but a cult following emerged with the DVD edition and as a result, an original, hardcover edition of the novel is now a collector's item. Following its film adaptation, the novel gained popularity among young, male American readers. Critics have attributed Fight Club' s popularity with this audience to its critique of an emasculating consumerist culture, and to the implied message that modern men need revert to their primal, aggressive nature.
Literary Analysis of Fight Club Essay
The modern Left is always reacting to things. Once they get their show on the road culturally they will stop being so offended. At the San Diego Comic-Con International , Palahniuk announced that a sequel to Fight Club is in the works and will take the form of a serialized graphic novel.